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Let us say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone who took the trouble of looking at both of the invoices' consecutive numbers would see that they were the same number, and thus one of them needed to be false.
That isn't a perfect analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can theoretically be as little as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to some numeric problem. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that's not true in any way. What they are doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equivalent to the target hash.
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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you need to have a higher"hash rate," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you can mine along with your mining rig's hash rate, the site Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap method to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note look at here the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards to the metal pole.
Example: I tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the specific number, they just must be the very first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.
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Let's say I am thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both technically came at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Normally, it is the miner who has done the most work, i.e.
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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you likely noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand what these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.